CBD initially drew scientific interest due to its anticonvulsant properties but increasing evidence of other therapeutic effects has attracted the attention of additional clinical and non-clinical populations, including athletes. Unlike the intoxicating cannabinoid, Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC), CBD is no longer prohibited by the World Anti-Doping Agency and appears to be safe and well-tolerated in humans.
While some case reports indicate that CBD improves sleep, robust evidence is currently lacking. Cognitive function and thermoregulation appear to be unaffected by CBD while effects on food intake, metabolic function, cardiovascular function, and infection require further study. CBD may exert a number of physiological, biochemical, and psychological effects with the potential to benefit athletes. However, well controlled, studies in athlete populations are required before definitive conclusions can be reached regarding the utility of CBD in supporting athletic performance.
Overall, combinations of CBD with other key phytochemicals found in cannabis could confer benefits on brain health through a multi-target synergy ; however, further research is required. Similar results supporting a protective role of CBD have been reported in pre-clinical studies. Chronic Δ9-THC exposure in adolescent mice (3 mg/kg daily) reduced recognition memory that persisted into adulthood, but this was not apparent in the group receiving CBD (3 mg/kg CBD) co-treatment during Δ9-THC exposure .
It has also become readily available in many countries with the introduction of over-the-counter "nutraceutical" products. The aim of this narrative review was to explore various physiological and psychological effects of CBD that may be relevant to the sport and/or exercise context and to identify key areas for future research. As direct studies of CBD and sports performance are is currently lacking, evidence for this narrative review was sourced from preclinical studies and a limited number of clinical trials in non-athlete populations.
Precipitated Opioid Withdrawal And Cbd
- From the meeting point of the nervous system and the wound, cannabinoids can stabilize damaged nerve endings, reducing unnecessary firings as well as inflammation caused by the response of nearby immune CBD oil cells.
- All with the result of reducing pain and facilitating a return to homeostasis in the injured area.
- And depending on the current needs of our body, cannabinoid receptors move, multiply or “express” themselves to a greater or lesser extent.
- Locations include our connective tissues, organs, nerves, brain, immune cells, and glands.
- In this instance, the endocannabinoid system responds to a bodily issue by communicating with a range of cell types, each in different ways.
sativa, considered a metabolic by-product rather than a biosynthetic product of the plant . There has been a recent burst of studies showing beneficial effects of CBD in the brain, with evidence pointing to CBD as a promising novel therapy for a range of disorders. Instead, CBD has a broad spectrum of therapeutic properties, including antipsychotic, anxiolytic, immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective and pro-cognitive benefits in humans and preclinical disease models. The exogenous cannabinoids found in full-spectrum CBD and CBD isolates extracted from the hemp plant provides all the benefits of the cannabis plant without the risk of any intoxicating effects. That’s because marijuana contains high amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol, THC, the cannabinoid responsible for marijuana’s well-known effects.
Preclinical studies have observed robust anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective and analgesic effects of CBD in animal models. Preliminary preclinical evidence also suggests that CBD may protect against gastrointestinal damage associated with inflammation and promote healing of traumatic skeletal injuries. However, further research is required to confirm these observations. Early stage clinical studies suggest that CBD may be anxiolytic in "stress-inducing" situations and in individuals with anxiety disorders.
Because of this similarity, THC is able to attach to molecules calledcannabinoid receptorson neurons in these brain areas and activate them, disrupting various mental and physical functions and causing the effects described earlier. The neural communication network that uses these cannabinoid neurotransmitters, known as the endocannabinoid system, plays a critical role in the nervous system’s normal functioning, so interfering with it can have profound effects. Vaping CBD oil means you’ll see effects within minutes, but they only last about 30 minutes to an hour. For on-the-spot pain relief or anxiety, vaping is wonderful but it may not be the most effective option for improving memory.
significant evidence to show CBD oil is useful in the treatment of traumatic brain injuries that result in neuroinflammation. Because CBD oil is so effective at reducing inflammation in the body, it could help you if your memory loss is related to an injury that resulted in inflammation of your brain. Most studies have been conducted in pre-clinical models; however, pro-cognitive effects of flavonoids and anthocyanins have been shown in human clinical studies of dementia.
Endogenous cannabinoids such as anandamide function as neurotransmitters because they send chemical messages between nerve cells throughout the nervous system. They affect brain areas that influence pleasure, memory, thinking, concentration, movement, coordination, and sensory and time perception.